1578 Birth of William Harvey, English physician who explained the circulation of the blood in a treatise in 1628. 1909




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Calendar APRIL (1-15)
English No.7/2011, p. 3
1st April April Fool’s Day

1578 Birth of William Harvey, English physician who explained the circulation of the blood in a treatise in 1628.

1909 Britain’s first double-decker buses began running in Widnes, Cheshire.
2nd April

1801 The British Fleet with Lord Horatio Nelson on board the Elephant, engaged the Danish Fleet in the Battle of Copenhagen. When Admiral Parker signaled Nelson to end the attack, Nelson, who was Second-in-Command, pressed the telescope to his blind eye, claimed he could see no order and continued the action until the Danish Fleet were totally subdued.
3rd April

1367 Birth of Henry IV, first Lancastrian King of England.
4th April

1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, by a white man, James Earl Ray. The whole nation was shocked and deeply mourned his death. On April 7 – the day of King’s funeral – official mourning was declared.
^ 6th April – Tartan Day in the USA and Canada

America and Canada celebrate National Tartan Day in recognition of "the major role that Scottish Americans played in the founding of this Nation...and the monumental achievements and invaluable contributions made by Scottish Americans that have led to America's preeminence in the fields of science, technology, medicine, government, politics, economics, architecture, literature, media, and visual and performing arts."
In New York City, Tartan Day was observed through a parade of 10,000 bagpipers and drummers up Sixth Avenue, led by Edinburgh-born actor Sean Connery. Organizers billed it as the largest pipe and drum parade in the world. There were 1,200 participants from Scotland. Others represented 26 countries and all 50 U.S. states.
^ 1789 George Washington became the first President of the 12 American states.
7th April

1770 Birth of William Wordsworth, English romantic poet.
I wandered lonely as a cloud

That floats on high o’er vales and hills,

When all at once I saw a crowd,

A host of golden daffodils;

Beside the lake, beneath the trees,

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine

And twinkle on the milky way,

They stretched in never-ending line

Along the margin of a bay:

Ten thousand saw I at a glance,

Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
^ William Wordsworth, 1770–1850
9th April

1483 The young Edward V acceded to the throne on the death of Edward IV. The boy was murdered in the Tower 75 days later on 25 June 1483.
10th April

1633 Bananas were displayed for the first time in a London shop window.
^ 1872 Arbor Day in the USA
TASK

Read the text and make it complete with the help of the derivatives that are formed from the words written on the right.
Arbor, the Latin word for tree, marks one of the few holidays in the world

1._________ to conservation. It is a day promoting the (2)_________ dedicate/preserve

of forests and trees, founded by noted (3)____________ J. Sterling Morton conserve

of Nebraska. (4)___________, Nebraska in not noted as a forested state. irony

Rather Morton recognized the need for trees as a means to create (5) ________ nature

wind breaks, shade, and lumber. Morton (6) ________ became the secretary of late

the Nebraska territory and U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.  As his prominence

grew, so did the Arbor Day (7)____________. Trees were planted for visiting observe

dignitaries, to commemorate the deceased, to honor one's (8)___________, marry

and the birth of a child. The (9)___________ of the growth of this plant from a symbol

small seed to a huge tree is likened unto the (10)___________ of a child and develop

the proliferation of that child's kin.  It represents the (11) _________ of life. renew

Today Arbor day is recognized in all states and (12) ____________ and in territory

many other (13)___________. country
Answers: 1. dedicated, 2. preservation, 3. conservationist, 4. Ironically, 5. natural, 6. later,

7. observance, 8. marriage, 9. symbolism, 10. development, 11. renewal, 12. territories

13. countries
1924 The first crossword puzzle book was published in New York.
11th April

1689 William III and Mary II were crowned joint monarchs of Great Britain.
1775 Birth of James Parkinson, English physician paleontologist who discovered disease named after him (1817).
12th April

1606 The Union Jack became the official flag of England.

Флаг – это лицо страны, её визитная карточка, которая олицетворяет суверенитет. Государственный флаг также отражает историю страны.

В 1603 г. на престол взошел Яков (Джеймс) I Стюарт, король, олицетворяющий союз этих двух государств. Сын казненной шотландской королевы Марии Стюарт, монарх, унаследовавший престол Тюдоров, он объединил под своей рукой Англию и Шотландию.

Перемены в жизни требовали и изменений государственной символики, поэтому был принят новый герб и изменен флаг, так как потребовалось внести в исконно английскую символику шотландские мотивы. Следовало совместить на одном полотне два креста – красный крест на белом фоне (флаг св. Георга) и белый крест на синем фоне – символ святого Андрея, одного из 12 апостолов, который считается покровителем Шотландии.

Белый диагональный крест соединить с красным оказалось не просто: по строгим английским геральдическим канонам кресты на знамени никогда не должны соприкасаться, а красное и синее (эмали) следовало разделить “металлом” - золотом, серебром или заменяющим его белым цветом. Был найден простой выход – наложить два креста друг на друга, при этом красный крест обводился тонкой белой линией (каймой), то есть у него появилось собственное белое поле – кресты не соприкасались, красное и синее везде были отделены друг от друга белыми полосами.

Такой новый флаг был принят в 1606 г. и был назван «Юнион Джек» («Великий Юнион»), в названии закрепилась память о том, кто является автором союза Англии и Шотландии (union – союз; Jack – уменьшительное от Яков).
^ 1914 George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion was opened in London.
13th April
TASK

Read the text and make it complete with the help of the derivatives that are formed from the words written on the right.
Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia on 13th April 1743. He (1)________ attend

The College of William and Mary and then became a prominent (2)_______. farm

When he was 26 years old, he began his forty-year career as a (3)_________. politics

A member of the Continental Congress, he was the author of the (4)_________ declare

of Independence at the age of 33.
In the (5)_________ of 1800, Jefferson defeated his old friend John Adams to elect

become the (6)________ president of the new United States. An inveterate three

(7)________ of books, Jefferson sold his personal library to Congress in 1815 collect

in order to rebuild the collection of the Congressional Library, (8)__________ destroy

by fire in 1814.
The last years of his life were spent in (9)____________ at Monticello, during retire

which period he founded, designed, and directed the (10)_________ of the build

University of Virginia.

Jurist, diplomat, writer, (11)__________, philosopher, architect, gardener, invent

(12)_________ of the Louisiana Purchase, Thomas Jefferson requested negotiate

that only three of his many accomplishments be noted on his tomb at Monticello:

– Author of the Declaration of American (13)____________ depend

– Author of the Virginia Statute for (14)__________ Freedom religion

– And Father of the University of Virginia
Jefferson's birthday is only celebrated in several states but his (15)__________ contribute

have been recognized with his (16)___________ located in Washington DC. memory
Answers: 1. attended; 2. farmer; 3. politician; 4. Declaration; 5. election; 6. third; 7. collector; 8. destroyed; 9. retirement; 10. building; 11. inventor; 12. negotiator; 13. Independence; 14. Religious; 15. contributions; 16. memorial
1769 Sir Thomas Lawrence was born in Bristol. He was a leading English portrait painter and president of the Royal Academy. Lawrence was a child prodigy.
1852 Birth of Frank Winfield Woolworth, US chain store pioneer. He is famous for setting off a chain of similar stores, the first in Britain in 1910.
14th April
1471 The Battle of Barnet, one of the battles in the Wars of the Roses, resulted in a victory of King Edward IV, the Yorkist, over the adherents of Henry VI. It was fought north of London. Edward attacked Warwick’s positions. Warwick was killed in the battle. Another victory, at the Battle of Tewkesbery, left Edward IV secure until his own death in 1483.
1912 “Titanic”, British luxury passenger liner that collided with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City on that day, and sank with the loss of about 1,510 lives. The “Titanic” was built in Belfast. The largest ship at that time, she was considered unsinkable as she had double-bottomed hull divided into 16 watertight compartments and 4 of them could be flooded without danger to the liner’s buoyancy. At the collision, 5 compartments were ruptured and the ship went down at 2.20 am on 15 April at a point about 640 km south of Newfoundland.
^ Pan American Day in the USA

TASK

Read the text and make it complete with the help of the derivatives that are formed from the words written on the right.
Pan (1)_________ Day has a long history going back to 1823 and the America

Monroe Doctrine. This doctrine (2)_______ bonds between American create

(3)_________ as they worked through affairs relating to their European roots. country

There (4)_____ several efforts to unify Inter-American relationships but it wasn't be

until 1889 when the (5)_______ International Conference of American States met one

in Washington, DC. This conference was purposed with the (6)__________ of an establish

American customs union. On April 14, 1890, at the end of this lengthy conference,

a resolution was (7)________ passed creating the International Bureau of American final

Republics, later called the Pan American Union.
In 1931, President Herbert Hoover issued a (8)_________ declaring April 14 as Pan proclaim

American Day. Flags are flown over government (9)________ in all countries build

participating in the Pan American Union.  Citizens are also encouraged to participate

by displaying flags and (10)_____________ bi-continental solidarity. On this day, celebrate

school (11)_________ often learn of other American cultures through skits, movies, child

foods, and other (12)__________ exchange events. culture
Many unifying (13)_________ have since occurred from this nationalistic agree

tolerance. The Organization of American States (OAS), NATO, and Free Trade have

all resulted from the (14)________efforts. Most North and South American countries early

continue to participate in these Pan-American (15)_________. organize
Answers: 1. American; 2. created; 3. countries; 4. were; 5. first; 6. establishment; 7. finally; 8. proclamation; 9. buildings; 10. celebrating; 11. children; 12. cultural; 13. agreements; 14. earlier; 15. organizations


Compiled by Natalia Tushina,

Centre of Education No. 1452 “Bogorodsky”, Moscow

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